Microelectronics
Page 1

Sampling front-end for analog to digital converter

A sampling front-end for analog to digital converter is presented that shares a high speed N-bit ADC at front-end and interleaves the pipelined residue amplification with shared amplifier, which achieves high speed, low power and compact area with high density capacitive DAC structure.

US Patent Number: US 8947283 B2

Frequency compensation techniques for low-power and small-area multistage amplifiers

A three stage amplifier is provided and the three stage amplifier comprises a first gain stage, a second gain stage and a third gain stage wherein said first stage receives an amplifier input signal and said third gain stage outputs an amplifier output signal. The amplifier includes a feedback loop having a current buffer and a compensation capacitance provided from the output of said third gain stage to the output of the first gain stage. In addition, an active left half plane zero stage is embedded in said feedback loop for cancelling a parasitic pole of said feedback loop.

US Patent Number: 8963639

Analog to digital converter circuit

The present invention provides a pipelined-successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) circuit with decoupled flip-around MDAC, capacitive attenuation solution and self-embedded offset cancellation. The flip-around MDAC architecture is built for low inter-stage gain implementation. A capacitive attenuation solution is provided for minimizing the power dissipation and optimizing conversion speed. The design reuses SAR ADC to perform offset cancellation, which significantly saves calibration area, power and time.

US Patent Number: US 8659461 B1

Comparator and calibration thereof

A comparator is provided and the comparator includes a comparing input unit and a latching unit. Wherein, the comparing input unit has a first input receiving a first comparing signal and has a second input receiving a second comparing signal. The comparing input unit drives a first intermediate node signal at a first intermediate node depending on the first comparing signal according to a first strobe signal, and the comparing input unit drives a second intermediate node signal at a second intermediate node depending on the second comparing signal according to the first strobe signal. The latching unit determines a comparing result according to at least one of the first intermediate node signal and the second intermediate node signal. In addition, the latching unit latches the comparing result according to a second strobe signal.

US Application Number: US 2014/0132307 A1

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Time-interleaved pipelined-SAR analog to digital converter with low power consumption

An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) circuit comprising two time-interleaved successive approximation register (SAR) ADCs. Each of the two time-interleaved SAR ADCs comprises a first stage SAR sub-ADC, a residue amplifier, a second stage SAR sub-ADC and a digital error correction logic. The residue amplifier is shared between the time-interleaved paths, has a reduced gain and operates in sub-threshold to achieve power effective design.

US Patent Number: US 8427355 B2

Cascade analog-to-digital converting system

A novel analog-to-digital converter (ADC) system using a two-step conversion is disclosed. The ADC system is capable of achieving high sampling rate, low power consumption and low complexity. The new proposed ADC is formed by cascading a flash ADC having high sampling rate and low resolution with a successive approximation (SA) ADC having low power consumption and low sampling rate.

US Patent Number: US 8466823 B2

N-bits successive approximation register analog-to-digital converting circuit

The present invention provides an n-bits successive approximation register (SAR) analog-to-digital converting (ADC) circuit, comprising: an n-bits SAR control logic, a p-type capacitor network including a DACp array and a sampling capacitor CSp, an n-type capacitor network including a DACn array and a sampling capacitor CSn; and a comparator for comparing outputs from the p-type capacitor network and the n-type capacitor network, wherein a power supply and ground are directly connected to the p-type capacitor network and the n-type capacitor network without using reference voltages produced by a reference voltage generator. The n-bits SAR control logic comprises n shift registers, n bit registers, and a switching logic. The comparator comprises a first pre-amplifier, a second pre-amplifier and a dynamic latch. Alternative, the comparator comprises a four-input pre-amplifier and a dynamic latch.

US Patent Number: US 8344931 B2

Delay generator

A delay generator comprises: a current source for supplying a current; a first delay portion, connected to the current source, comprising at least a plurality of inverters and a first capacitor having a first capacitance; and a second delay portion, connected to the current source, comprising at least a plurality of inverters and a second capacitor having a second capacitance, wherein the first capacitance is the same as the second capacitance, wherein the first delay portion generates a first delay by discharging of the first capacitor, wherein the second delay portion generates a second delay by charging of the second capacitor, and wherein the total delay generated by the delay generator is obtained by summation of the first delay and the second delay.

TW Patent Number: TW I446719 B

US Patent Number: US 8441295 B2

Page 3

Analog-to-digital converter circuit

The present invention provides an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) circuit comprising two time-interleaved successive approximation register (SAR) ADCs. Each of the two time-interleaved SAR ADCs comprises a first stage SAR sub-ADC, a residue amplifier, a second stage SAR sub-ADC and a digital error correction logic. The residue amplifier is shared between the time-interleaved paths, has a reduced gain and operates in sub-threshold to achieve power effective design.

TW Patent Number: TW I446723 B

ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTING SYSTEM

A novel analog-to-digital converter (ADC) system using a two-step conversion is disclosed. The ADC system is capable of achieving high sampling rate, low power consumption and low complexity. The new proposed ADC is formed by cascading a flash ADC having high sampling rate and low resolution with a successive approximation (SA) ADC having low power consumption and low sampling rate.

TW Application Number: 100103984

Switched current-resistor programmable gain array for low-voltage wireless LAN and method using the same

A switched current resistor (SCR) PGA for constant-bandwidth gain control includes an inverting amplifier, a feedback resistor forming a feedback loop between an output side and an input side of the inverting amplifier, and a switched current resistor (SCR) array connected in parallel to the feedback resistor, and configured to tune a gain range between a maximum and a minimum. The SCR array includes a plurality of switched resistors, each comprising a switch in series with a resistor. When the plurality of switched resistors are switched by a gain-control logic, a plurality of switched current sources and a plurality of grounded resistors are switched correspondingly to deliver a transient current, an equivalent of which flows through the plurality of grounded resistors out from the input side of the inverting amplifier, leading to a feedback factor of the PGA being constant.

US Patent Number:US 8229382 B2

DC-Offset canceled programmable gain array for low-voltage wireless LAN system and method using the same

An amplifier circuit includes a transconductance amplifier at an input side of the amplifier circuit, a transimpedance amplifier connected to an output of the transconductance amplifier, and a voltage amplifier connected to an output of the transimpedance amplifier. The transconductance amplifier and the transimpedance amplifier form a low-impedance node at an interface thereof. A feedback circuit is connected between an output of the voltage amplifier and the low-impedance node between the transconductance amplifier and the transimpedance amplifier. The transconductance amplifier, the transimpedance amplifier, and the voltage amplifier form a main amplifier stage. The feedback circuit senses an imbalance in an output of the main amplifier stage, whereby a correction signal is integrated and negatively fed back to the low-impedance node between the transconductance amplifier and the transimpedance amplifier.

US Patent Number:US 7948309 B2

Page 4

Two-Step Channel Selection for Wireless Transmitter Front-Ends

A reconfigurable receiver, a reconfigurable transmitter and a multimode receiver are disclosed, operating in accordance with a two-step channel selection. In the receiver, the first step provides for a coarse radio frequency (RF) channel selection, to downconvert a desired channel and an image channel of the desired channel to IF. The second step provides for a fine intermediate frequency (IF) channel selection to select either the desired channel or the image channel. In the transmitter, the first step provides for a fine channel selection and upconversion of a desired channel to either positive or negative IF. The second step is a coarse channel selection and upconversion of a desired channel to the RF. The receiver and transmitter can be used in a transceiver.

US Patent Number:US 8019290 B2

Two-step channel selection for wireless receiver front-ends

A reconfigurable receiver is disclosed, operating in accordance with a two-step channel selection. The first step provides for a coarse radio frequency (RF) channel selection, to downconvert a desired channel and an image channel of the desired channel to IF. The second step provides for a fine intermediate frequency (IF) channel selection to select either the desired channel or the image channel. The receiver can be used in a transceiver.

US Patent Number: US 7529322 B2