Professor

Robert Antony

Contact information
Office: PG09
Tel: +853 8397 8809
Email: rantony

Academic Qualifications

Ph.D. in Chinese History, University of Hawaii, 1988
M.A. in American History, University of New Orleans, 1979
B.A. in History, Louisiana State University in New Orleans, 1971
Certificate for Advanced Studies in Qing Dynasty Archives, People’s University of China, Beijing, 1990

Research Areas

Chinese Social and Cultural History
Asian Maritime History

Current Research

Local History of the Leizhou Peninsula
Transnational History of the Gulf of Tonkin
Bandits, Secret Societies and Law in Late Imperial South China

Honors and Awards

Academic Staff Award, University of Macau, 2011, for excellent performance in teaching, research, and services.

Faculty Research Grant, University of Macau, 2011-2014, Principal Investigator, for research on “Bandits, Secret Societies and Law in Late Imperial South China.”

Faculty Research Grant, University of Macau, 2010-2014, Principal Investigator, for the collection, annotation, and translation (in a bi-lingual book) on “Chinese Local History: Historical Materials from Leizhou, South China, from the Ming and Qing Dynasties.”

Faculty Research Grant, University of Macau, 2010-2011, Principal Investigator (with Dr. Peter Zabielskis and Dr. Tianshu Zhu), for research on “Folk Region and Chinese New Year Festival: A Case Study of Rural Leizhou in Western Guangdong Province, China.”

Faculty Research Grant, University of Macau, 2008-2011, Principal Investigator, for research on “Piracy and the Shadow Economy in the South China Sea in Historical Perspective.
 
Faculty Award for Research, Potter College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, Western Kentucky University, 2005.

Fulbright Senior Scholar Award for research on violence and gender relations on the Taiwan frontier in the Qing dynasty, Institute of Taiwan History, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, 2001-2002.

American Council of Learned Societies grant for a workshop on “Qing Crisis Management and the Bonds of Civil Community, 1600-1914,” co-organized with Prof. Jane Leonard, Cumberland Falls State Park, Kentucky, October 8-11, 1998.

Fulbright Senior Scholar Award for research on crime and disorder in South China in the 18th and 19th centuries, at the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, 1995-1996.

Fulbright-Hays Faculty Research Abroad Fellowship for research on Chinese social and legal history conducted in the People's Republic of China, July through December 1990.

National Program of the Committee on Scholarly Communication with China, Research Fellowship (administered by the National Academy of Sciences and funded by NEH) for research on “Bandits, Brotherhoods, and Qing Law,” in China from July through December 1990.

National Endowment for the Humanities, Travel to Collections Grant for research in Taiwan on Chinese legal history in the summer of 1989.

Walter Vella Award in History, Phi Alpha Theta Regional Prize for excellence in research, 1987.

Fulbright-Hays Dissertation Research Abroad Fellowship for research in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China, August 1984 through July 1985.

Publications

Books

《海上風雲:南中國海的海盜及其不法活動》[Turbulent Waters: Pirates of the South China Seas] Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe中國社會科學出版社 [Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Press], 2013.

Elusive Pirates, Pervasive Smugglers: Violence and Clandestine Trade in the Greater China Seas. Hong Kong University Press, 2010.

Pirates in the Age of Sail.  New York: W. W. Norton Publishers, 2007.

Like Froth Floating on the Sea: The World of Pirates and Seafarers in Late Imperial South China. University of California, Berkeley, Institute for East Asian Studies, China Monograph Series, 2003.

Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs: Qing Crisis Management and the Boundaries of State Power in Late Imperial China. Cornell University Press, 2002.

Articles and Chapters in Books

“Piracy, Sovereignty, and the Early Modern Asian State—An Introduction” (with Sebastian Prange), Journal of Early Modern History 17 (Special Issue 1, 2013), pp. 1-7. (Robert Antony and Sebastian Prange, guest editors).

“Turbulent Waters: Sea Raiding in Early Modern Southeast Asia,” Mariner’s Mirror 99.1 (February 2013), pp. 23-38.

“The Social and Economic Dynamics of Piracy in Early Modern Asia—An Introduction” (with Sebastian Prange), Journal of Early Modern History 16 (Special Issue 6, 2012), pp. 455-462. (Robert Antony and Sebastian Prange, guest editors).

“Bloodthirsty Pirates? Violence and Terror on the South China Sea in Early Modern Times,” Journal of Early Modern History 16 (Special Issue 6, 2012), pp. 481-501 (Robert Antony and Sebastian Prange, guest editors).

“中国南方的海盗活动及影子经济(1780-1810年)”(Pirate activities and the clandestine economy in South China, 1780-1810)《海洋史研究》(Studies of Maritime History, Beijing), Vol. 2, ed. by Li Qingxin (2011), pp. 183-201.

“国家、社区与广东省镇压海盗的行动,1809-1810”(State, community and pirate suppression in Guangdong, 1809-1810)《清史译丛》(Qing History Overseas Research),Vol. 10 (济南:齐鲁书社,2011), pp. 141-180.

“Piracy and the Shadow Economy in the South China Sea, 1780-1810,” in Robert Antony, ed., Elusive Pirates, Pervasive Smugglers: Violence and Clandestine Trade in the Greater China Seas, Hong Kong University Press, 2010.

“Introduction: The Shadowy World of the Greater China Seas,” in Robert Antony, ed., Elusive Pirates, Pervasive Smugglers: Violence and Clandestine Trade in the Greater China  Seas, Hong Kong University Press, 2010.

“Giang Binh: Pirate Haven and Black Market on the Sino-Vietnamese Frontier, 1780-1802,” in John Kleinen and Manon Osseweijer, eds., Ports, Pirates and Hinterlands in East and Southeast Asia: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, Leiden: International Institute for Asian Studies, 2010.

“南洋风云:活跃在海上的海盜、英雄、商人,” (Turbulence on the South Seas: The Maritime Activities of Pirates, Heroes, and Merchants), 《海洋史研究》(Studies of Maritime History, Beijing), Vol. 1, ed. by Li Qingxin (2010), pp. 153-170.

“Piracy on the South China Coast through Modern Times,” in Bruce Ellman, ed., Piracy and Maritime Crime: Africa, Asia and Southeast Asia, Annapolis: Naval War College Press, 2010.

“Banditry, Marginality, and Survival among the Laboring Poor in Late Imperial South China,” in Joseph Lee, et al., Marginalization in China: Recasting Minority Politics, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

“Piracy,” in David Pong, ed., Encyclopedia of Modern China, New York: Scribner and Sons, 2009.

“中國海盜之黃金時代, 1520-1810” (The Golden Age of Chinese Piracy, 1520-1810), in
《廣東省社會科學院歷史與中山研究所建所五十周年紀念文集》,李慶新,鄧開頌,主編 (廣州:銀河出版社, 2008) pp. 228-240. (First published in 2002.)

“Barbary Pirates,” in Peter N. Stearns, ed., Encyclopedia of the Modern World, Oxford University Press, 2008.

“State, Community, and Pirate Suppression in Guangdong Province, 1809-1810,” Late Imperial China, 27.1 (June 2006), pp. 1-30.

“Caleb Cushing,” “First Opium War,” “Li Hung-chang,” “Sun Yat-sen,” and “Taiping Rebellion,” in Yuwu Song, ed., A Historical Encyclopedia of Sino-American Relations. McFarland and Company, 2006.

“Sea Bandits of the Canton Delta, 1780-1839,” International Journal of Maritime History, 17 (December 2005), pp. 1-29.

“Piracy in Early Modern China,” International Institute for Asian Studies Newsletter (Leiden) 36, March 2005.

“Demons, Gangsters, and Secret Societies in Early Modern South China,” East Asian History, 27 (June 2004), pp. 71-98.

 “中國海盜之黃金時代, 1520-1810” (The Golden Age of Chinese Piracy, 1520-1810), 《東南學術》(Southeast Academic Research), Fuzhou, 2002, pp. 34-41.

“Subcounty Officials, the State, and Local Communities in Guangdong Province, 1644-1860,” in Robert Antony and Jane Leonard, eds., Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs: Qing Crisis Management and the Boundaries of State Power in Late Imperial China (2002), pp. 27-59.

(co-authored with Jane Leonard) “Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs: An Introduction,” in Robert Antony and Jane Leonard, eds., Dragons, Tigers, and Dogs: Qing Crisis Management and the Boundaries of State Power in Late Imperial China (2002), pp. 1-26.

“匪犯或受害者:試析1795年至1810年廣東省海盜集團之成因及其成員之社會背景” (Criminals or victims: an analysis of the composition and social backgrounds of Guangdong pirates from 1795 to 1810), in Tang Shi-yeoung, ed., 《中 國 海 洋 發 展 史》(Essays in Chinese Maritime History), vol. 7. Taibei: Academia Sinica, 1999, pp. 439-451.

“Women, Family, and Ch’ing Law: The Potential of Current Western Research,” Research in the History of Modern Chinese Women (Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica) 4 (Summer 1997), pp. 175-189.

“Scourges on the People: Perceptions of Robbery, Snatching, and Theft in the Mid-Qing Period,” Late Imperial China, 16.2 (December 1995), pp. 98-132.

“Pacification of the Seas: Qing Anti-Piracy Policies in Guangdong, 1794-1810,” Journal of Oriental Studies, 32.1 (1994), pp. 16-35.

“Brotherhoods, Secret Societies, and the Law in Qing-Dynasty China,” in David Ownby and Mary Somers Heldhues, eds., Secret Societies Reconsidered: Studies in the Social History of Early Modern China and Southeast Asia.  Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1993, pp. 190-211.

“Aspects of the Socio-Political Culture of South China’s Water World, 1740-1840,” The Great Circle: Journal of the Australian Association for Maritime History, 15.2 (1993), pp. 75-90.

(with Nancy Park) “Archival Research in Qing Legal History,” Late Imperial China, 14.1 (June 1993), pp. 93-129.

“盜 匪 的 社 會 經 濟 根 源﹕十 九 世 紀 早 期 廣 東 省 之 研 究” (The Social and Economic Roots of Banditry:  A Study of Early 19th-Century Guangdong Province), in Ye Xian’en, ed., 《清 代 區 社 會 經 濟 研 究》(Studies on Local Society and Economy in the Qing Period).  Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1992, pp. 534-543.

“The Opium War,” “The San-yuan-li Incident,” “Mandate of Heaven,” and “The Ch’ing Dynasty,” in Edwin Leung, ed., Historical Dictionary of Revolutionary China, 1839-1976. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1992.

“The Problem of Banditry and Bandit Suppression in Kwangtung South China, 1780-1840,” Criminal Justice History: An International Annual, 11 (Fall 1990), pp. 31-53.

(with Y.J. Chou) “Matteo Ricci and His Accommodation with Confucianism,” Chinese Culture (June 1989), pp. 23-38.

“Peasants, Heroes, and Brigands: The Problems of Social Banditry in Early 19th-Century South China,” Modern China, 15.2 (April 1989), pp. 123-148.

“合佛學派在鴉片戰爭史研究的模式及近年所受到的挑戰” (The ‘Harvard School’s’ Interpretation of the Opium War and Some Recent Challenges), 《清 史 研 究 通 訊》(Bulletin of Qing Historical Studies), Beijing, Summer 1987, pp. 51-54.

“Discovering History in China: A Review Essay,” Chinese Culture, 27.1 (March 1986), pp. 85-93.

“台灣省所藏清代歷史的檔案” (Holdings of Qing Historical Archives in Taiwan), 《檔案工作》(Archival Work), Beijing, July 1985.

“China and William Seward’s Vision of Empire,” Sino-American Relations 10.3 (1984), pp. 34-43.

Professional Affiliations

Association for Asian Studies, since 1988
Association of Historians of Twentieth-Century China, since 2004
Phi Alpha Theta, International History Honors Society, since 1972
Phi Kappa Phi, International Honor Society, since 1982

Teaching Area

Modern Chinese History
Maritime History